Fatigue: Causes and ways to deal with it

Fatigue is a state of continual exhaustion or weakness that might be physical, mental or a combination of the two.

Everyone can become fatigued, and most adults will do so at some point in their lives.

However, it is important to note that fatigue is a sign of a problem, not a disease.

Many people experience exhaustion as a result of a combination of lifestyle, social, psychological, and general well-being difficulties, rather than a medical disease, sometimes even while they are doing all the right things.

While fatigue and tiredness are commonly used interchangeably, they are not the same.

Everybody gets tired occasionally, but this is generally remedied by taking a nap or getting a few nights of restful sleep.

The effects of exercise might also momentarily revive someone who is tired.

If you are getting adequate sleep, eating well, and exercising frequently but still struggle to accomplish daily tasks, focus, or be motivated at your usual levels, you may be feeling fatigued and it is worth looking into further.

Signs of fatigue

  • Fatigue can trigger a wide variety of different physical, mental, and emotional symptoms, such as:
  • persistent exhaustion or sleepiness
  • headache\dizziness
  • painful or sore muscles
  • muscular spasm
  • delayed reactions and reflexes
  • poor judgment and decision-making Moodiness, including irritability
  • poor coordination between the eyes and the hands
  • loss of appetite
  • decreased immunological response
  • hazy vision
  • issues with short-term memory
  • Poor focus
  • Low motivation due to limited ability to pay attention to the situation at hand.

Causes of fatigue

There are a multitude of factors that can lead to fatigue, including:

  • Medical causes – Chronic fatigue may be a symptom of a disease such as diabetes, heart disease, or a thyroid disorder.
  • Lifestyle causes – Fatigue may result from factors relating to one’s lifestyle, such as the use of alcohol or drugs or even inactivity.
  • Workplace-related causes: Stress in the office can make you feel tired and lead to fatigue.
  • Stress and emotional issues – Fatigue is a typical marker of mental health issues, such as grief and depression, and it may be accompanied by other signs and symptoms, such as irritability and lack of motivation.

In addition, a number of factors may bring about fatigue.

Medical causes of fatigue

There are several illnesses and disorders that cause fatigue.

See a doctor if you feel chronic weariness.

Lifestyle-related causes of fatigue

Typical lifestyle elements that can contribute to fatigue include:

  • Lack of sleep: Adults normally require eight hours of sleep per night. Some people make an attempt to function on less sleep
  • Too much sleep: Those who sleep for longer than 11 hours a night may have excessive daytime sleepiness.
  • Drugs and alcohol: Alcohol is a depressant that slows the nervous system and messes with regular sleep cycles. Tobacco and caffeine, are two additional substances that stimulate the neurological system and can make you sleepless.
  • Sleep disturbances: Disturbed sleep brought on by a variety of factors, including loud neighbors, young children who get up during the night, a snoring companion, or an undesirable sleeping space, for instance, a stuffy bedroom.
  • Physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles – Physical activity is believed to enhance wellness, fitness, and health as well as to lower stress and increase energy, it also facilitates sleep.
  • Poor diet: The body doesn’t get enough energy or nutrients from low-calorie, low-carbohydrate, or high-energy foods that are nutritionally deficient to perform at their best. Foods that provide a short energy boost, like chocolate bars or caffeinated beverages, only do so for a brief period of time before exhaustion sets in.
  • Fatigue may result from personal issues such as personal illness or injury, illnesses or injuries in the family, having too many commitments (such as working two jobs), or financial difficulties

Workplace-related causes of fatigue

Typical workplace problems that can contribute to fatigue include:

  • Shift work – the body is designed to sleep at night. The circadian clock, a tiny area of the brain, controls this cycle. Working when one’s body is supposed to be sleeping throws one’s circadian clock off.
  • Poor workplace ethics might aggravate a person’s fatigue. Long work hours, strenuous physical labor, unpredictable work schedules (such as rotating shifts), stressful working conditions (such as loud noises or extreme temperatures), boredom, working alone with little or no interaction with others, or fixed concentration on a monotonous task are a few examples.
  • Work stress – can be brought on by a variety of things, such as a bad job, a lot of work, problems with coworkers or managers, bullying, continual change, or risks to job security
  • Burnout – is described as pushing oneself excessively in one aspect of life while ignoring everything else. For instance, “workaholics” focus exclusively on their careers, which throws their personal interests, social life, and family life out of balance.
  • Unemployment – Financial strains, failure- or guilt-related emotions, and the emotional tiredness of protracted job searching brought on by unemployment can cause stress, anxiety, melancholy, and fatigue.

psychological causes of fatigue

According to studies, psychological factors play a role in at least 50% of cases of fatigue. They may consist of:

  • Depression – This is a condition marked by intense and protracted feelings of sadness, despair, and hopelessness. Among the typical symptoms of depression is chronic fatigue.
  • Stress and anxiety: Those who experience these emotions on a regular basis put their bodies into overdrive. The body becomes tired from the steady stream of adrenaline, and fatigue sets in.
  • Grief – Shock, guilt, sorrow, despair, and loneliness are just a few of the many feelings that come with grieving the loss of a loved one. All of which lead to fatigue

Diagnosing fatigue

Diagnosis can be challenging because fatigue can have a wide variety of symptoms and be brought on by numerous variables acting together.

Your doctor may conduct a number of tests to identify it, such as:

  • A person’s medical history – fatigue may be caused by medical history, including things like childbirth, surgery, or grief.
  • Physical examination – Is performed to look for disease or symptoms of illness. In-depth inquiries regarding your nutrition, way of life, and significant life events may also be made by your doctor.
  • Testing – including x-rays, blood tests, urine tests, and other types of examinations can be done to rule out any physical factors, such as anemia, infection, or hormonal issues.

Treating fatigue

Fatigue is not a condition or disease in itself; it is a symptom of an underlying condition that you can feel and express. You must first understand the fundamental causes of your exhaustion if you want to lessen it.

Consider discussing with a health professional if it is impairing your quality of life or giving you distress.

Asking questions will enable them to identify the cause and provide some advice on how to deal with it.

If there is a potential that an undetected medical condition may be the root of your exhaustion, your doctor may recommend, if necessary a number of medical tests i.e. tests for anemia or thyroid dysfunction.

Fortunately, for most people, it subsides naturally with time.

When is it time to see your doctor?

If you’re experiencing exhaustion and any of the following, you should schedule a visit with your doctor:

  • When nothing comes to mind that could explain your tiredness
  • When you have a body temperature that is higher than usual
  • Having sudden loss of weight
  • Feeling particularly sensitive to chilly temperatures all the time
  • Having difficulties sleeping or staying asleep
  • When you suspect depression

Make an appointment with your doctor if your fatigue has persisted for two weeks or more and you’ve tried unsuccessfully to address the most frequent lifestyle factors such as bad eating habits, lack of sleep, and stress.

Fatigue is occasionally brought on by major medical problems. If you develop tiredness and any of the following symptoms visit the hospital right away.

  • Abdominal bleeding
  • Vomiting blood
  • Severe headache
  • Suffering from chest discomfort
  • Fainting sensations
  • Shortness of breath and an irregular heartbeat
  • Significant discomfort in your pelvis, back, or abdomen
  • Suicidal or self-destructive thoughts or thoughts of harming someone else

What kind of lifestyle modifications can significantly reduce fatigue?

There are several ways to reduce the amount of fatigue brought on by regular tasks. To improve your health and energy levels:

  • Consume enough liquids to maintain hydration
  • Practice wholesome eating practices
  • Engage in regular exercise
  • Get adequate rest.
  • Avoid well-known stressors
  • Avoid having an extremely busy work or social schedule and engage in calming hobbies like yoga
  • Stay away from alcohol, tobacco, and other hard drugs.

Your doctor can request some tests if they think you have an underlying medical disease that is the root of your fatigue. They might, for instance, request blood or urine tests.

Fatigue can negatively impact your physical and emotional health if it is not handled well from the onset.


A variety of health issues, including chronic pain and depression, and other underlying medical disorders, can contribute to fatigue.

If exhaustion is interfering with a person’s daily activities, they should consult a doctor for guidance and early diagnosis and treatment of the condition. A person might keep a diary of their routines and symptoms to aid in diagnosis.

The doctor will then be able to provide some suitable therapy alternatives after making a diagnosis.

Acha Maoni

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